Assistance Programmes

ADPARE has as main field of activity the implementation of complex assistance programmes with the purpose of increasing social inclusion for its beneficiaries, victims of trafficking in human beings. The assistance services provided can be inscribed as permanent projects, each service being carried out in cooperation with state institutions, other non-governmental organizations and international organizations with relevant experience in the field of protection and assistance for this category of beneficiaries.

ADPARE has the mission of promoting Human Rights through developing integrative long term assistance programmes for its beneficiaries, particularized as such:

– victims of domestic and international trafficking in human beings, by all forms of exploitation;

– the victims’ families are considered as indirect beneficiaries of the programmes;

– young people from vulnerable groups.

The assistance programmes are approached in a flexible manner, particularized to the beneficiaries’ assistance needs, as accordingly to the Case Management directions. Concretely, this working method promotes de-institutionalization by actively involving the beneficiary in designing their own social reintegration intervention. A special focus is put on the inner resources of the assisted persons, on their motivation to operate changes, their initiatives and projects for the future, by creating a collaborative professional relationship with the aim of increasing the adaptation level of each beneficiary to the daily tasks of an autonomous life.

Among the Case Manager’s functions there can be mentioned:

– to establish an authentic professional relationship with the beneficiaries;

– to assess the assistance needs, to decide over the services to be implemented taking into account the superior interest of the beneficiary;

– to appoint the implementation team for the assistance programme and to maintain constant communication between members;

– to evaluate and re-evaluate the reintegration plan with regard to the progresses in assistance; to evaluate and monitor the quality of implemented assistance services;

– to mediate the relationships between the beneficiaries and the different institutions involved in their case (authorities, social services, employers, professional training providers, doctors and other professionals).

The finality of each assistance programme refers to building independent life skills, to improve the economic self-sustainability, in brief to reintegrate the beneficiaries. This process will vary from one person to another as both the assistance needs and the potential are different; however, the assistance programme lasts in average between 1 and 3 years. Given such variability, the final achievements of the programme will not be approached in terms of: “successful reintegration/successful story” – “unsuccessful reintegration”. In addition, “standards” to measure the beneficiaries success rate in personal and professional aspects of life are not to be taken into account.

The structure of an assistance programme can be divided into four stages, in chronological order, each having indicators specific to the level of progress achieved by the beneficiaries:

The initial stage: between 0-6 months corresponds to the intervention in crisis, in this case the assistance activities will be implemented soon after the presumed victim identification process was fulfilled. The purpose of this intervention is that of ensuring physical and psychological stability following the traumatic event.

The intermediary stage: between 7-12 months, the assistance services will be implemented according to the individual reintegration plan, as negotiated by the beneficiary and the Case Manager. The beneficiaries’ progresses in the programme are periodically assessed through internal reports, the stage proposing to attain re-signification of traumatic event and the growth of personal autonomy.

The reintegration stage: between 13-24 months, implies the existence of self sustainability and independent life abilities, allowing the victim to follow a labour reinsertion process. Gradually, the assistance services are terminated, upon the beneficiary’s agreement, the persons having the possibility to further solicit the implementation of other types of assistance activities.

The monitoring stage: is represented by a 6 months period consecutive to the completion of the assistance programme; the aspects monitored are the person’s adaptation to the requests of a socialized life while the team will provide support and advise to the victim for solving potential difficulties recurring from the new status.

To particularize, the services creating the assistance programme in all its phases (assistance in crisis, medium and long term assistance) can be systematized accordingly:

Residential assistance:

From its establishment, until March 2010, ADPARE could provide residential assistance in protective apartment system, as follows: transitory (for 1 or 2 nights); in crisis (for 1-2 weeks) and for long term. However, the limited financial resources have led to closing down the protected place and to the termination of such a service.

Assistance within the nuclear/origin family of the victims

The programme is suitable for victims evaluated as being in reduced or moderate risk in the area of origin. The assisted persons negotiate a programme together with the Case Manager, the assistance activities being implemented at the ADPARE counselling centre.

Material assistance: catering for the basic needs by providing food, personal care products, clothing and footwear to victims; implementing budget management activities.

Psychological assistance: including the beneficiaries in individual psychotherapy sessions, couple/family psychotherapy; psychological support group sessions, art and ergo therapy encounters; mediation of the beneficiaries’ relationships with the origin/nuclear/extended family; psychological support and preliminary evaluation (via telephone) before preparing voluntary assisted returns; psychological support before/after conducting medical investigations; psychological accompaniment in connection with the authorities.

Medical assistance: routine and specialized medical investigations and blood tests; medical consultations in emergency; dental treatment and prophylaxis; ophthalmologic check-ups, all conducted in partnership with private medical clinics.

Social assistance: conducting social enquires and risk assessment to re-victimization; re-issue of identity papers; advice and support to obtain social protection facilities; covering intra and extra urban transportation costs; accompaniment of the beneficiaries during the reintegration process; periodic monitoring of the beneficiaries; mediation of the connection with state social services, professional training providers, educational institutions.

Educational assistance: demarches of study completion in state system; enrolment to professional training/re-conversion classes; ensuring school manuals, training materials and supplies; monitoring school progresses, support for overcoming difficulties; professional orientation and vocational counselling; informal education activities (literacy courses, education for a healthy life, PC usage, foreign languages classes, support for homework); activities specific to reinsertion on the labour market (establishing contacts with the National and Territorial Job Placement Agencies, CV writing, job screening, preparation for the job interview).   

Juridical assistance: juridical consultancy regarding the rights deriving from the injured party/witness legal status; representation in the courts of law both in penal and civil causes additional to the trafficking situation (civil damage, divorce, custody over child); support in applying for financial compensations on the state’s behalf, all services being implemented by a contracted lawyer.

Among the assistance projects implemented by ADAPRE, there can be named:

Trafficking Victims Reintegration Programme in Southeast Europe

Duration: September 2009 –August 2011; April 2008 – March 2007

Partners: King Baudouin Foundation, Belgium

Brief description: the project envisages the full implementation of assistance services for the human trafficking victims included in assistance programmes developed by NGOs with relevant experience in the field. The targeted group is consisted of 50 direct beneficiaries (human trafficking victims) and indirect beneficiaries (family members of the first), found in different stages of the assistance programme aiming at social reintegration. The activities financed through the initiative are: material assistance, medical assistance, psychological assistance, social assistance, educational/vocational and juridical assistance. The project also aims to promote good practices models regarding the beneficiaries’ protection and assistance, by reuniting practical working experience through researches and qualitative studies on the efficiency of assistance programmes.    

COPSAT – Joint Co-operation between Police and Social Services against Trafficking

Duration: September 2009 – January 2011

Partners: Stockholm Police Department, Europol, the National Agency against trafficking in Persons (ANITP), the Swedish Social Services; Suedish, Polish, Estonian and Romanian NGOs

Brief description: COPSAT was implemented with the European Commission support – through the Prevention and Fight against Crime Programme – the Directorate General Justice, Freedom and Security. The project scope refers to enhancing cooperation and promoting partnership among law enforcement structures, social services and NGOs with relevant experience in assistance services for human trafficking victims. Its aim is that of reducing the amplitude of international trafficking in persons, Sweden being approached as a destination country for foreign victims. COPSAT is also focused on promoting good practices with regard to victims’ interrogation during police investigations and to multi-agency cooperation for reintegrating the victims in their home countries. Among the project results, there can be mentioned: developing operational methods (joint investigation teams) between the Swedish law enforcement in cooperation with police structures in the origin countries; experience exchange and know-how transfer on developing less traumatizing methods to interrogate the presumed victims; building strong partnerships between the law enforcement and assistance providers.   

Consolidating assistance for victims of trafficking in Romania

      Duration: January 2009 – March 2010

Partners: the International Organization for Migration (IOM) – Mission in Romania; the Swiss Embassy in Bucharest; the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons (ANITP); Alternative Sociale Association, Iasi; Serviciul APEL Association – Resource Centre for Developing Social Economy; ROMANITIN-  Roma Youth and Students Association.

Brief description: the project has as general objective to consolidate the capacity and expertise of the existing long term assistance and protection programmes designed for human trafficking victims. In this respect training sessions and workshops for key stakeholders were organized. A second component of the project refers to ensuring integrative assistance programmes, with residential care for at least 25 victims of trafficking in persons, all included as beneficiaries of ADPARE.

Programme for the endowment of the ADPARE protective apartment

Duration: December 2008

Partners: International Women’s Association (IWA)

Brief description: the project aims to endow the ADAPRE protective apartment with furniture, household devices and personal usage devices for 6 residents, ADPARE beneficiaries. The objective of the financing refers to improving the living conditions for the actual residents, as well as for new coming beneficiaries in the residential care.

Leisure time activities with educational elements for victims of trafficking in persons

   Duration: September 2008 – August 2009

Partners: The Body Shop Foundation 

Brief description: the project envisaged implementing leisure time activities with educational elements for 107 of the ADPARE beneficiaries, promoting nonetheless a normalizing relational approach between the ADPARE staff and the target group. Among the project objectives, there are: a) improving the beneficiaries’ activism for taking part in leisure time activities; b) enhancing the sense of self value by directly involving the beneficiaries in choosing and planning their own leisure time; c) experiencing and expressing positive emotions and their sharing along the development of  leisure time activities; d) exercising socialization and improving communicational skills among the beneficiaries included in leisure time activities; e) diminishing of the post-traumatic symptoms by involving beneficiaries in such activities. Among the activities implemented in the project there can be named: organizing trips with educational components; sightseeing of touristic/historical places during weekends; theater, film and opera viewing; organizing sport activities.

The National interest Programme : « Improoving the protection and assistance activities for human trafficking victims »

Duration: April 2008 – December 2008

Partners: the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons (ANITP);

Brief description: the project was sustained with governmental support, accessible to the NGOs active in protection and assistance services provision for human trafficking victims. The programme is focused on improving the quality of assistance services destined to this target group, as well as on developing organizational capacity among active NGOs in reintegrating this category of beneficiaries. Through the NIP, ADPARE could provide complete assistance services for 116 beneficiaries (out of which, 4 were foreign citizens, presumed victims of human trafficking in Romania).   

DAPHNE III-ATOLL- the Daphne III Programme (2007-2013) to prevent and combat violence against children, young people and women and to protect victims and groups at risk

Duration: January 2008 – January 2009

Partners: Lifeline Organization (Talinn, Estonia)

Brief description: Daphne III Programme was financed with the support of the European Commission, through the Directorate –General Justice, Freedom and Security. The proposed activities are described in the ADPARE mission- that of implementing integrative assistance programmes for promoting social inclusion among human trafficking victims. The initiative aimed to ensure physical and emotional stability as well as economic sustainability for the targeted beneficiaries. Assistance services were carried out throughout the project for 116 of the ADPARE beneficiaries, all identified victims of trafficking in persons, according to the assistance phases in progress: assistance in crisis/transit assistance; residential assistance with prolonged duration; assistance in the origin/extended/nuclear family, with the purpose of reintegration.

Professional reinsertion for 7 human trafficking victims exploited in Italy

Duration: January 2008-December 2008

Partners: On the Road Association, Italy, ANITP, the County Agency for Job Occupation (AJOFM)- Giurgiu

Brief description: the project proposes a good practices model with regard to assistance services provision by socially and professionally re-inserting 7 victims of international human trafficking (having Italy as destination country), included as beneficiaries in the programmes developed by ADPARE. It also promotes the horizontal trans-national cooperation between On the Road Association in Italy and ADPARE.

Individual project for the development of medical investigations and recovery programmes designed for 1 of the ADPARE beneficiaries, a victim of two offences: international human trafficking and attempted murder

      Duration: April 2008- December 2008

Partners: Fundacion Roviralta, Spain; Congreso sobre Prostitution, Spain; Dr. Jesus Lafuente (Surgeon)

Brief description: ADPARE proposed to elaborate an individual support project for a beneficiary with special assistance needs. The person has a history of double trauma (human trafficking and attempted murder), as a consequence to the second traumatic event she has remained with permanent invalidity (highly severe handicap, the 1st degree). The medical diagnosis includes: cervical trauma resulting in Spastic Tetra-pareses, the physical motility being significantly restrained (only one half of the body). Given the increased medical priority of the case, on the one hand, and the complexity of the required medical intervention, on the other hand, the project comes to provide financial support for: complex interventions; developing a medical recovery programme; medical devices facilitating the motility (wheel chair; metallic crutch; metallic device for stability; elastic bandages; special cushion; etc.).

The National interest Programme: « Improving the protection and assistance activities for human trafficking victims »

Duration: December 2007

Partners: the National Agency against Trafficking in Persons (ANITP)

Brief description: the initiative was established as a pilot project aiming at improving the quality of assistance services for human trafficking victims, as sustained by governmental funds. Given the short implementation period (1 month), ADPARE focused on covering full assistance needs for 50 targeted beneficiaries, in progress in different stages of the assistance programme.

Aid for Victims of Trafficking: Towards a Model of Assistance and Reintegration 

Duration: October 2007 – March 2008

Partners: the Swiss Embassy in Bucharest, ANITP

Brief description: the project sustains ADPARE’s efforts to develop complete assistance services for the reintegration of human trafficking victims. An individualized model of intervention, for each beneficiary is promoted, by mobilizing adequate human and financial resources. The initiative also proposes collaboration between international organizations, governmental bodies and NGOs experienced in the field of protection and assistance for human trafficking victims for improving the effectiveness of the available services, objectified by the establishment and perpetuation of certain assistance standards. The objectives are: reducing the risk of relapse into trafficking for 10 victims; improving physical, economic and emotional security for the targeted beneficiaries; ensuring a qualitative relationship between victims and local authorities representatives.

Trafficking Victims Reintegration Programme in Southeast Europe (TVRP)

Duration: May 2007 –June 2008

Partners: King Baudouin Foundation, Belgium

Brief description: the project envisages the full implementation of assistance services for the human trafficking victims included in assistance programmes developed by NGOs with relevant experience in the field. The targeted group is consisted of 55 direct beneficiaries (human trafficking victims) and indirect beneficiaries (family members of the first), in different stages of the assistance programme aiming at social reintegration. The activities financed through the initiative are: material assistance, medical assistance, psychological assistance, social assistance, educational/vocational and juridical assistance. The project also aims to promote good practices models regarding the beneficiaries’ protection and assistance, by reuniting practical working experience through researches and qualitative studies on the efficiency of assistance programmes.    

The Meris House – governmental transit centres for human trafficking victims

Duration: November 2006 – April 2007

Partners: Caritas Association Bucharest, Catholic Relief Service (CRS); ANITP, Vicenza Association, Bucharest- Diocesi Solidali, Italy

Brief description: Started in November 2006, the project proposed to consolidate the private-public partnerships aimed at ensuring specialized assistance services to victims of trafficking in persons, particularized to Giurgiu County. The Meris House was created as a pilot project for the establishment of the transit and assistance shelter for the social inclusion of human trafficking victims and persons at risk. The local authorities approached in the partnership were: the General Directorate for Social Assistance and Child Protection, Giurgiu county, whereas the Case Manager of ADPARE ensured the training of the staff from the Centre for Transit, Assistance in Crisis and Protection for the Persons at Risk, Giurgiu. The training activities included organizing and managing the implementation of specialized assistance services for the targeted category of beneficiaries. As beneficiaries in the project, were involved: the personnel from the centre for transit, assistance in crisis and protection for persons at risk, Giurgiu; women victims of trafficking in persons. The protection and assistance component of the project referred to implementing services such as: residential assistance, medical assistance, psychological assistance, legal assistance, material assistance, school reinsertion and vocational counselling.

Direct assistance services for minor victims of trafficking in persons

      Duration: October 2005 – April 2006

Partners: Save the Children Romania; the International Labour Organization (ILO) – the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), Romania

Brief description: the project proposes to implement complex direct assistance services for 13 minor victims of trafficking in persons. The programme focus is put on the educational component – school reinsertion; enrolling the beneficiaries to professional training courses; covering costs for the school supplies and materials necessary for the professional apprenticeship; mediation of the relationship between the beneficiary and the school/professional training provider; monitoring of the training/educational progresses.    

Educational assistance for victims of trafficking in persons  

Duration: January 2005 – December 2006

Partners: The International Women’s Association (IWA)

Brief description: the project aims at the complete development of educational assistance services for 24 victims of human trafficking, beneficiaries of the ADPARE programmes. The aim of an assistance programme is materialized through ensuring economic sustainability for the victims. A first step in preparing the beneficiary for independently living consists in supporting him through educational activities: state study completion; professional training/re-conversion courses; literacy courses; providing all necessary supplies and manuals; job search. The individualized intervention plan applied to the educational assistance provision is significantly influenced by the abilities, aspirations and intrinsic motivation of the beneficiaries.

Protected housing for human trafficking victims

      Duration: January 2005 – November 2006

Partners: IWA, MTV Foundation Europe, ADPARE the Netherlands

Brief description: the project approaches a humane, de-institutionalized vision on including victims in residential care (protected housing). The protective apartment is located in blocks of flats, in usual residential areas to ensure a direct reintegration in a social environment with its specific requests. The address of the apartment remains confidential, access being denied to other persons. The relationship between the residents will be managed and mediated by the social worker responsible or by the implementation team.

« Foster » families for trafficked victims

      Duration: May 2003 – August 2005

Partners: ADPARE, the Netherlands

Brief description: the programme aimed to create a social support network for the ADAPRE beneficiaries, human trafficking victims. To particularize, it envisaged the creation of supportive, normalizing relations between the victims and families from the Netherlands. Each of the targeted beneficiaries would send an introductory letter to a family, they would initially communicate through letters, and afterwards visits between the beneficiaries and families would be organized and mediated by the ADPARE team. The families’ intervention would focalize on organizing socialization/leisure time activities with the victims, and also in supporting them to continue their studies or offer help in other personal initiatives.    

Assistance for victims of trafficking in persons

Duration: May 2003 – October 2007

Partners: the International Organization for Migration (OIM) – Mission in Romania

Brief description: the project proposes an integrative assistance model, corresponding to the specific needs of the targeted beneficiaries. The starting premises refer to granting long term residential assistance with the purpose of attaining social inclusion for the beneficiaries, in a location adequate for receiving an increased number of persons in conditions of safety. A clear delimitation between the residential assistance and the other services is done, as ADPARE has the tasks of a counselling centre, by providing specific services in partnership, such as: material assistance, social assistance, medical assistance, psychological assistance, educational assistance, juridical assistance.