Research

Human trafficking is a widespread transnational phenomenon, heavily influenced by migration, social and economic contexts in the countries of origin, transit and destination. The phenomenon’s intense dynamics make the efforts to efficiently prevent and combat its existence difficult. At a European level, policies and strategies are developed in the direction of reducing the causes and consequences that trains people into such proceedings. Given the need to constantly update anti-trafficking measures and improvement of existing practices regarding the prevention, combat, protection and assistance of victims, it is necessary to study the phenomenon, its vulnerability factors, the particularities of the countries of origin and destination. ADPARE engages in the conduct of research activities (quality oriented), conducted at national and international levels, making available its experience in this field:

• E-Notes – European Observatory of NGOs against Human Trafficking, Slavery and Exploitation

Duration: March 2010 – April 2011

Partners: On the Road Association (Italy), La Strada International (Netherlands) ALC / SPRS (France), Accem (Spain)

Short summary of the project: establishment of a monitoring exercise of the implementation level in a national context of international practices and policies in the fight against human trafficking. The research included NGOs from the 27 Member States of the European Union, taking into account components such as: legal measures, combat and punishment of the crime, prevention, protection and assistance for victims, the existence of a national record.

• ENPATES – NGO platform against Human Trafficking, Slavery and Exploitation

Duration: July 2010 – July 2012

Partners: On the Road (Italy), La Strada International (Netherlands), ALC / SPRS France, Accem (Spain)

Short summary of the project: Based on the existing limitations of perspectives on the harmonization of approach perspectives in fighting against human trafficking existent in the European arena, as well as cooperation and coordination level of efforts by relevant actors, the project seeks to establish a network of NGOs, Pan-European active. The latter aims to the stability, flexibility and adaptability of its members in developing effective coordination strategies for promoting and protecting Human Rights with application to victims of human trafficking.

• ANIMANOVA – Labour market integration for trafficked individuals

Duration: 2009 – 2012

Partners: The Foundation Partnership for Equality Center; Filantropia Foundation; five NGO partners in Italy.

Short summary of the project: The project is co-funded by the European Social Fund through the Sector Operational Program Human Resources Development 2007-2013. The project aims to increase skills and knowledge of at least 260 operators involved in preventing and combating human trafficking through exchange of experiences, of information and best practices, so as representatives of public institutions, NGOs from Romania and Italy will be able to use a network of intervention that will be aimed at social and professional reintegration of human trafficking victims. ADPARE, through its team members, has contributed its expertise in the project coordinated by the Partnership for Equality Center.

• Roots – the European Program for Preventing and Combating Crime 2007

Duration: 2009 – 2010

Partners: Diakonia Onlus Association (Caritas Vincenza Italy); Animus Association and Demeter Association (Bulgaria); Pro Women Foundation (Romania); Caritas Bucharest Association; Romania Women’s Association; Euro-Mediterranean Network (Greece); CoGe.S Social Cooperative (Italy).

Short summary of the project: The project’s goal is to improve the efforts of prevention of human trafficking, both by carrying out protection programs as well as support for human trafficking victims, particularly women subjects of sexual exploitation. Roots promotes the exchange of policies and best practices by NGOs in the field, and multi-agency cooperation of transnational nature. Among undergoing activities there are: work groups between the front-line professionals who work with victims of human trafficking; creating a prevention campaign concerning the risks of victimization that women may be subject to; preparation and dissemination of campaign materials; the development of a strategy for the repatriation of human trafficking victims from a normalizing perspective. ADPARE contributes to the project’s implementation through intensive experience of working with victims, participating to the work groups and creation of prevention activities for potential victims.

• Feasibility and evaluation study on the development of a hotline-like European number for victims of human trafficking

Duration: November 2008 – July 2009

Partners: La Strada International (Netherlands); SoFFI.K Berlin; independent researchers

Short summary of the project: Following the decisions taken by the European Commission, European Union Member States received a request to reserve a six-digit number of the 116 xxx type for people who may be able to report emergencies to social services. In this respect, the study aims to assess the need and ability of existing structures to create a hotline for victims of human trafficking in Romania. Among the project’s objectives are included: assessment of the local, national and regional existing hotlines, designed exclusively for victims of human trafficking; evaluation of support providers active on a local / national / regional level, with hotline management responsibilities; assessment on the feasibility of implementing a pan-European hotline (of 116xxx type) for victims, in connection with the support services which are to be provided. The research used a multi-modal approach, using both qualitative and quantitative methods: questionnaires for the various institutions with anti-trafficking attributions; focus groups; interviews; database analysis. ADPARE was designated to administer questionnaires and to conduct standardized interviews with relevant actors in preventing and combating human trafficking: ANITP representatives; representatives of police structures; medical clinics; NGOs ctive in the field of social services; trade union representatives. Finally, research results did not indicate the necessity of implementing such a service in Romania, running alongside Tel Verde managed by ANITP.

• Seccurities: Unaccompanied minors: Repatriation conditions

Duration: March 2008 – September 2009

Partners: Terre des Hommes –Aide a l’Enfance Foundation (Office in Budapest), Jeunes Errants Federation / Association (France)

Short summary of the project: The project aims to develop a feasibility study on the reintegration of unaccompanied minors and child victims of human trafficking from the perspective of the origin (Romania, Albania) and destination (Spain, France, Italy, Austria) countries. ADPARE’s contribution to the project was to adapt research items to the Romanian realities and apply a questionnaire to child victims of international human trafficking, located in the support programs run by the organization. Questionnaire items were considering: family background, trafficking stages, identification, pre and post repatriation support in the country of origin.

• Feedback – The perception of support and protection models for victims of human trafficking from the perspective of the people aided

Duration: February 2007 – January 2008

Partners: ALC / SPRS – Accompagnement Lieux d’accueil Carrefour éducatif et social (Nice, France); Congreso Sobre Prostitucion (Madrid, Spain); On the Road (Italy); Nadja Foundation (Bulgaria); Caritas Bucharest; Support Center for the families of trafficking victims (Lithuania).

Short summary of the project: Feedback makes a qualitative research that aims by means of interviews, the perception of victims by: their status, the aid programs they were included in and the professionals which whom they came into contact with. The target group is composed of 31 women, victims of human trafficking in all forms of exploitation (sexual, forced labor, beggery, domestic services and coercion to committing criminal offenses), of 9 nationalities, aged 25 years maximum. ADPARE selected and interviewed 11 beneficiaries, corresponding to the specified criteria, providing data that was later integrated into a manual.

• Guide on combating human trafficking – for authorities

Duration: May 2006

Partners: International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD); UN Development Program (UNDP) – Mission in Romania

Short summary of the project: The guide is aimed at representatives of the investigative authorities active in the national and international anti-trafficking field, in all forms of exploitation (sexual, forced labor and services, coercion to committing criminal offenses, organ harvesting, mixed forms). ADPARE representative’s role in the project’s implementation was (documentul se incheie aici iar ideea ramane nefinalizata).

    Support program for the development of a Transnational Referral Mechanisms (TRM) for trafficked individuals in South-Eastern Europe – TRM-SEE

Duration: 2006 – 2009

Partners: International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD); USAID – United States Agency for International Development.

Short summary of the project: The development and evolution of a standardized practices guide regarding referral of human trafficking victims; increasing their access to direct suport services for social inclusion, applicable in South-Eastern Europe. The countries participating in the development of TRM-SEE were: Albania, Bulgaria, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Romania. An ADPARE expert was part of the national team for project implementation, thus ADPARE’s work experience in the field of support for human trafficking victims was valued through the contribution made to the development of the guide and involvement in the training of different national actors responsible with identifying and referring victims of human trafficking.

    The program for the development of a Transnational Referral Mechanisms for human trafficking victims between the origin and destination countries – TRM-EU

Duration: June 2006 – June 2008

Partners: International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD); USAID – United States Agency for International Development.

Short summary of the project: Taking into account the transnational nature of human trafficking, the TRM-EU program partners have proposed establishing and developing a practices guide for the layout of a transnational referral mechanism with purpose in: implementation of direct support and crisis intervention services on victim identification; support for the social inclusion and protection of victims of human trafficking; repatriation assistance and reintegration support; victim protection in relation to the investigative authorities and in court. Representatives of the ADPARE team were part of the implementation group for the TRM-EU program in Romania